The Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences (BRNS) is an advisory body of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) to recommend financial assistance to universities, academic institutions and national laboratories. The key objective is to encourage and promote scientific research in areas of relevance to the mandate of DAE in research groups outside DAE to derive benefits from their expertise.
Main mandate of DAE is the production of safe and economical nuclear power, using indigenous uranium and thorium resources. Towards this end, it is involved in developing, in stages, pressurized heavy water reactors, fast breeder reactors, and reactors using thorium with associated fuel cycle facilities. It builds research reactors for production of radioisotopes and carries out programmes on isotope and radiation technology applications in medicine, agriculture and industry. It develops advanced technology in areas such as accelerators, lasers, control and instrumentation, computers, biotechnology, information technology and materials technology and also encourages technology transfers to other users and industry. It supports basic research in nuclear energy and related frontier areas of science. The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), formed in August 1954. more..
BRNS supports high quality R & D projects in the areas of relevance to its programme as broadly mentioned above. BRNS lays emphasis on collaborative programmes between the DAE scientists and the scientific community outside the DAE family. Such a collaborative approach is expected to create and strengthen academic bond and promote closer interaction between the DAE and Universities/Research Institutions.
Besides funding research projects, BRNS provides financial assistance to organize symposia/conferences/workshops on topics of relevance to the DAE programmes. It also awards projects to young scientist to initiate them in a career of research. Dr. K.S. Krishnan Research Associateship for attracting highly talented young scientist and technologists are being awarded regularly under the aegis of BRNS. DAE-BRNS Senior Scientist Scheme (now named as Raja Ramanna Fellowship Scheme) aims to utilize the expertise of active and energetic retired scientists / engineers who were involved in high quality research in the units of DAE or any National Laboratory or Universities / Institutes and who after retirement are keen to carry out R&D in the field of their choice and of interest to the DAE. It also offers prestigious Homi Bhabha Chair to honour distinguished scientists. In addition, BRNS also encourages visiting scientist programmes for promoting active interaction with senior level scientists. less
- 1. Identify and fund R & D Projects
- 2. Financial support to conduct Symposia / Conferences
- 3. Recruitment under Krishnan Research Associateship (KSKRA) scheme
- 4. Award research projects under DAE-OIA scheme, through DAE-SRC council.
- 5. Award fellowships under DGFS M.Tech scheme
- 6. Award fellowships to HBNI students under DGFS-Ph.D scheme
- 7. Award Fellowships to retired Scientists under RRF & HBCschemes, through AEC.
BRNS COMMITTEES and OFFICIALS
THE BRNS BOARD
The Board is chaired by an eminent scientist/engineer and has senior scientists/engineers from within the DAE and outside as members. The Board has a fixed term and it is re-constituted every three years and it would be assisted by SIXAdvisory Committees for discharge of responsibilities as per the term of reference. The Board meets as often as needed to frame policy guidelines for the functioning of Advisory Committees and to finalize its recommendation to the Department on the financial support to be extended to the various R&D projects, symposia etc. and other matters under its purview.
The STANDING COMMITTEE
The mandates of STC Constituted, in June 2015 are (a) to set the guidelines for conducting Symposia/theme meeting/ outreach programmes, (b) To Identify thrust areas of interest to DAE which can be benefitted by collaborative work and (c) working out details related to the Concept Proposals (CP).
SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY COMMITTEE
The function of the Advisory Committee will be to assist the Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences (BRNS) in the discharge of its duties. Each Advisory committee is chaired by a member of the Board and is composed of very senior scientists from various DAE units and with an experienced scientist as its Member Secretary. Depending upon the nature of the project, the application forms submitted to BRNS are forwarded one of the Advisory Committees.
In brief these Committees and their priority theme areas are given below:
NPP (Indian Nuclear Power Program Committee)
Mechanical and thermal,engineering of present and evolving nuclear reactors, Probabilistic & Deterministic Safety Analyses, Development and Validation of Computer
Codes, Reactor Physics, Nuclear Data, Seismic Design, Construction Technologies, Equipment Design, and Prototyping. Nuclear fuel and Heavy
URM (Uranium and Rare metals-Exploration, Mining, Milling Committee)
Mineral Exploration and Processing, Mining Technologies, Milling
Technologies, Separation Science, Process Development, Beach Sand Minerals.
FRR (Fast Reactor and Recycling Committee)
Mechanism and Equipment for FBR and R&D towards FBR safety. Development of materials and associated
technologies for future FBRs. Material Irradiation and In-service
inspection for FBRs. Sodium Experiments, Sodium Sensor Development and
Instrumentation. Reprocessing and Waste management technologies for
thermal and fast reactors.
HLC (Health Care Committee)
Cancer Research, Radiopharmaceuticals,
Development of Cancer Drugs, Diagnostic Therapy, Palliative and
Provocative, Research on Tuberculosis, Drug-resistant tuberculosis, Drug
discovery and drug delivery, Medical Cyclotron, Radiotherapy units.
FOS (Food Security Committee)
Nuclear Agriculture, Mutation breeding
for seed development Sterile insect technology (SIT), Bio-pesticide, Food Preservation of
agriculture products, seafood and meat, Ready to eat/cooked food
preservation, Dry and wet agriculture waste management, Bio-composting.
WWM (Water and Waste Management Committee)
Water Purification and Desalination, Membrane-based and nano-composite filters. Environmental
Studies, Effluent Treatment, Isotope Hydrology, Municipal dry & wet
waste management, Integrated water & waste management.
MSS (Mega Science Schemes Committee)
Nuclear Fusion, High Energy and Particle Physics, Cryogenics, Particle accelerators,
gravitational wave, astronomy including gamma-ray astronomy,
neutrino physics & Observatory.
BRE (Basic Research and Science Education Committee)
High Energy and Nuclear Physics, Condensed Matter, Crystal Growth and Nano Materials,
Characterization of Materials by Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation,
Interface between Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Engineering,
Radiochemistry, Radiation and Photochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology Radiation Biology.
DIR (Directed Research Committee)
Accelerators, Lasers, Electronics, Nano and microelectronic devices, VLSI, Detectors & Sensors,
Scientific Instruments, Computer Science, Cyber Security, Robotics, Process and
Medical Instrumentation, Energy Conversion, and Storage. Cyber-physical
system, Internet of Things (IOT).
To execute the overall functioning of BRNS Secretariat, well-qualified senior scientific officers from various scientific disciplines work as Programme Officers under the guidance of Scientific Secretary. They co-ordinate with Advisory Committees on regular basis for smooth and efficient implementation of BRNS programmes. BRNS Secretariat is located on the 1st Floor, Central Complex, BARC, Trombay, Mumbai-400 085. The programme Officers are assisted by the administrative staff who are pulled from either BARC’s or DAE’s administrative pool of officers. The finance and accounts related matter of the Board are handled by the Accounts Division of DAE located at AnushaktiBhavan, C.S.M.Marg, Mumbai 400001.
Scientific Secretary is responsible for overall functioning of BRNS and shall act on the advice of Chairman, BRNS and with the concurrence from the BRNS Board.
Programme Officer (PO),is the nodal person for communicating matters pertaining to all the schemes, on behalf of the Scientific Secretary.
BRNS, born in the pre-independence era as Atomic Energy Committee, was the first extra-mural funding agency of Government of India for sponsored R&D activities in the country. This Committee, which was formed in the year 1945 under the aegis of Council of Scientific Research (CSIR), was renamed as Atomic Research Committee in (ARC) in 1947, which subsequently became Board of Research in Atomic Energy (BRAE) under the Atomic Energy Commission which was formed during 1947-48, Following this, the BRAE was again renamed as Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences (BRNS) in the year 1955. In its role of an advisory body to the DAE, one of the prime mandates of BRNS (be it in the form of ARC or BRAE) has been to build strong linkages with the national R&D labs and universities for their active participation in the departmental R&D activities in the collaborative mode and thereby generate a large pool of qualified and skilled human resources to cater to the needs of the department in the time to come. more..
BRNS in its earliest form i.e. Atomic Research Committee (ARC), between its formation year (1945) and the year of formation of Atomic Energy Commission (1947), had the following terms of reference:
i) To explore the availability of raw materials required for generating atomic energy,
ii) To suggest ways and means of harnessing the materials for production of atomic energy, and
iii) To keep in touch with similar organizations functioning in other countries and to make suggestions for coordinating the work of this committee on an international basis.
During this period this institution was almost playing the role of Atomic Energy Commission. It started functioning as Board of Research in Atomic Energy (BRAE) under AEC since 1947. During the period 1947 to 1954 the well conceived three phase nuclear power programme for the country was being put on the firm footing by none other than Dr. Bhabha himself, by way of institution building and starting several core activities with the help of carefully chosen teams of experts within the department. During this period, BRAE was being looked upon as an advisory body with the responsibility to advice about the distribution of research grants to the universities and research institutions. BRAE was renamed as BRNS in the year 1955 and it continued functioning, with the help of only three advisory committees, towards the two main mandates, viz. a) enhance collaborative activities between the R&D units of DAE and the national universities, R&D institutions and national research labs and b) contribute to human resource development activities. The initially set up three committees were later increased to eight to encompass many facets of DAE’s R&D programmes in science and technology, under the purview of BRNS. Accordingly, the two major activities pursued by BRNS during this period were; a) to sponsor and provide financial grant for the R&D projects to universities and R&D labs and b) to provide support for organizing national /international conferences and seminars. The R&D projects supported by BRNS, during this phase, were generally of “coordinated”, rather than “collaborated” type of projects. The method followed those days was to send a circular from BRNS to a large number of universities, R&D institutes and research labs in the country inviting R&D proposals in the specified frontier areas of interest of DAE. In response to this, R&D projects were conceived and formulated by the prospective project investigators (PI) themselves and submitted to BRNS. Based on the peer review, the projects used to get selected for BRNS sponsorship. The progress of these projects was coordinated by the respective appointed project coordinators (PC) from within DAE.
BRNS was restructured in the year 1998, with an independent BRNS secretariat headed by Scientific Secretary, who is assisted by the Programme Officers (chosen among scientists and engineers from within BARC) and the requisite administrative staff. The large number of advisory committees were reduced to following first four advisory committees initially, based on the broader aspects of DAE’s programme and appended subsequently by two more committees. less